Spain and the OECD
 
Spain joined the European Organisation for Economic Cooperation (OEEC) as a full member in 1959. The reports elaborated by the organisation contributed to the application of the Stabilisation Plan of that year that started the Spanish opening to the economic liberalisation. Then, together with other 19 countries, Spain signed the Convention founding the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on the 14th December 1960. Spain has been committed to attaining the fundamental objectives set by the organisation ever since.  
 
In the 1960s and 1970s, given the characteristics of the Spanish production system at the time, participation in the OECD focused on taking in ideas for rationalising and modernising the economy. However, after the establishment of the democratic system, Spain's participation in the institution became much more active.
 
The Spanish Government has actively participated in the work that the Institution has developed since its creation in 1960. Such participation has been done through the Permanent Delegation of Spain to the OECD in Paris with the support of experts and authorities of the different Ministerial Departments to the specific working groups, in the same way that the rest of the Member States do.
 
As far as the economic field is concerned, Spain actively contributes to the different debates raised at the heart of the OECD and the organisation periodically prepares an Economic Survey on Spain. In fiscal matters, Spain has participated in the Inclusive Framework on BEPS since the signature of the agreement in 2017.
 
In the field of education, the OECD studies the performance of Spanish students in reading, mathematics and natural sciences since 2000 through the PISA Report (Programme for International Student Assessment). The OECD also delivers reports on the environment to help improve Spanish results on environmental management by promoting effective policies that meet international commitments.  
 
On the other hand, since Spain joined the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) in 1991, it has played an important role in the formulation of recommendations on development policies and has adapted and coordinated its development cooperation policy with the main global donors that integrate the Committee. The peer reviews conducted by the DAC (the last one in 2016) have helped improving the quality and effectiveness of Spanish Cooperation.
 
The list of the Spanish Ambassadors to the OECD since its establishment is presented below:
 
 
Mr. José Núñez Iglesias (1960-1965)
Mr. José Aragonés Vila (1965-1970)
Mr. Francisco Javier Elorza y Echaniz (1970-1973)
Mr. Francisco Javier Vallaure Fernández-Peña (1973-1978)
Mr. Tomás Chávarri y del Rivero (1978-1983)
Mr. José Vicente Torrente (1983-1986)
Mr. José Antonio López Zatón (1986-1990)
Mr. Eloy Ibáñez Bueno (1990-1993)
Mr. José Claudio Aranzadi Martínez (1993-1996)
Mr. José Luis Feito Higueruela (1996-2000)
Mrs. Mª Elena Pisonero Ruiz (2000-2004)
Mr. Fernando Ballestero Díaz (2004-2008)
Mrs. Cristina Narbona Ruiz (2008-2011)
Mr. Ricardo Díez-Hochleitner Rodríguez (2011- 2015)
Mr. José Ignacio Wert Ortega. (2015-2018)
Mr. Manuel María Escudero Zamora (2018-…)
 

 

 
 

 

 

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