Organisational Structure
ORGG.jpg
 
The Council
 
It is the supreme body of the OECD, with decision-making power and from which all its actions emanate. The Decision-Making Mechanism is enshrined in Articles 5 and 6 of the OECD Convention. It is composed of the Ambassadors of the member countries, plus a representative of the European Commission. 
The Council meets regularly at the level of permanent representatives to the OECD and decisions are made by consensus. These meetings are chaired by the Secretary-General of the OECD. The Council also meets at ministerial level once a year to discuss key issues and set priorities for the work of the OECD. This MCM, held in May, is chaired each year by a member country. The work set out by the Council is carried out by the OECD Secretariat.
The Council relies mainly on the work of three Standing Committees: the Executive Committee, the External Relations Committee and the Budget Committee. It also counts on the Substantive Committees, which in turn have subsidiary working groups, as well as other informal structures such as global forums and other semi-autonomous bodies.
 
The Committees
 
Representatives of the 37 OECD member countries meet in specialized committees to present their ideas and review progress made in specific policy areas. The main committees are: the Committee on Economic Policy (EPC), Economic and Development Reviews, Development Assistance Committee (DAC, which is distinguished from the others because not all OECD members belong to it), Investment, Fiscal Affairs, Environment, Public Governance and Territorial Policy, Trade and Agriculture, Science, Technology and Industry, Employment and Social Affairs, Education, Statistics, etc.
There are approximately 250 committees, working groups and expert groups. Some 40,000 senior officials from national administrations attend OECD committee meetings each year to request, review and contribute to the work done by the OECD Secretariat. At the same time, members have online access to documents and there is an intranet which allows for the exchange of information.
 
The Organization carries out its work through three types of actions:
- The elaboration of analysis and reports on public policies of the member countries, based on comparable data (thanks to its work of statistical harmonisation) to be compared from a multidisciplinary approach. Based on these analyses, best practices are identified and new international standards are established. In addition to the statistical reports, other thematic or sectorial focuses are conducted, such as the OECD Communications Outlook, OECD Employment Outlook, Society at a Glance, Agricultural Outlook, Government at a Glance, PISA Education Report or the Annual Report on Development Cooperation.
 
- To a lesser extent, also through its regulatory activity: the OECD can establish binding commitments for member states in certain areas through the adoption of Conventions, for example the Anti-Doping Convention or Codes of Conduct (for example the Untying Development Aid). It also adopts Guidelines, Recommendations or Declarations that are non-binding but that integrate a whole body of good practices and standards that set an extremely important point of reference for member countries and for those who wish to access.
 
- Peer Reviews or external audit-type reports, which are specific to the OECD, on member states' public policies such as economy, energy policy, competition policy, development aid, education, taxation, etc. The periodicity of the Examinations varies according to the subject.

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