Sede de la Liga Árabe en El Cairo. FOTO EFE
Southern dimension of the ENP

In contrast to what happened in the East, where the Eastern Partnership has been set up, the projection of the ENP towards the South lacks its own forum for regional dialogue. Strictly speaking, the Union for the Mediterranean does not form part of the ENP, but rather is an international organisation with its own legal personality. However, given that the UfM seeks to improve multilateral relations between the EU and its Mediterranean partners, it also serves as a de facto forum through which to develop cooperation and regional dialogue with the Southern Neighbourhood.

Bilateral relations with the Southern partners are highly heterogeneous: while Jordan and Morocco have been granted an “Advanced Status” and Tunisia enjoys a “Privileged Partnership”, countries such as Libya and Syria have not even signed a Partnership Agreement that frames their relations with the EU. Furthermore, Morocco and Tunisia have already started to negotiate the creation of a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) similar to those that exist in the east.


On another note, in 2014 Lebanon renewed its Action Plan to adapt it to the new realities and the intention is to renew the Action Plan with Egypt shortly, while negotiations continue for an Action Plan with Algeria. Finally, Israel and Palestine have sui generis relations with the EU, particularly focused on the complex situation of the Middle East Peace Process.


Spain plays a very active role in relation to the Southern Neighbourhood. In this regard it should be recalled that it successfully hosted the Informal Ministerial Meeting with its Southern Partners, held in Barcelona on 13 April 2015, with the aim of offering our neighbours a forum to express their concerns and perspectives on the ENP, as well as to deal with other issues of mutual interest and shared challenges. This meeting, the first in seven years, was attended by 22 EU ministers and seven ministers from the Southern Neighbourhood, together with the High Representative and the Commissioner for the Neighbourhood Policy, thus demonstrating the EU’s commitment to the southern shore of the Mediterranean and Spain’s leadership in these issues.

Twitter@SpainMFA

  • 24 Sep @SpainMFA * .@jmalbares concluded his agenda in New York meeting with @PMaurerICRC. They discussed Torrejón's hub in the… https://t.co/f6mUrVM3Wc
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  • 21 Sep @SpainMFA * Yesterday, at the end of the day at #UNGA, #EU Foreign Ministers coordinated positions on the international agenda.… https://t.co/yNDI3qYehW
  • 21 Sep @SpainMFA * RT @UN_OCT: On behalf of the @UN GoF of #VictimsofTerrorism 🇪🇸 Foreign Minister @jmalbares said: "Let us restate our commitment towards our…
  • 20 Sep @SpainMFA * .@jmalbares presides in New York the tribute in remembrance of the 20th anniversary of 9/11, organized by @UN_OCT a… https://t.co/BaaIecyVnz
  • 14 Sep @SpainMFA * FM @jmalbares has held a busy schedule of meetings today in #Doha with Qatari business owners who expressed their i… https://t.co/A0fp41A9p1
  • 14 Sep @SpainMFA * .@jmalbares has met with the Emir of #Qatar @TamimBinHamad and with Foreign Minister @MBA_AlThani_, with whom he ha… https://t.co/HpY3D4n7J3
  • 13 Sep @SpainMFA * .@jmalbares has participated by videoconference in the donors Conference on Humanitarian Aid for #Afghanistan, conv… https://t.co/YmMSE1cFMQ
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  • 10 Sep @SpainMFA * UN Secretary General @antonioguterres has launched #OurCommonAgenda, an important report on how to improve internat… https://t.co/USX3Qt7aqd
  • 10 Sep @SpainMFA * Minister @jmalbares has arrived in Pakistan to follow the evolution of the crisis in #Afghanistan. He will hold bil… https://t.co/pUJPxr1vKi

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