Las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación forman parte de nuestra vida cotidiana. Su desarrollo ha generado un nuevo espacio de relación donde la rapidez y facilidad de los intercambios de datos e ideas han eliminado las barreras de distancia y tiempo. El ciberespacio ha difuminado fronteras, haciendo que sus usuarios sean partícipes de una globalización que propicia nuevas oportunidades, pero también nuevos retos, riesgos y amenazas.
Created in 1999, the Group of 20 (G-20), is made up of the countries in the G-8 (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, UK, and USA), plus the European Union, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea and Turkey.
Globalization is a historical process with many facets: political, economic, cultural and environmental; it offers great opportunities for advancing in world development. Trade, financial flows and the modernization of electronic communications have led to the increasing integration of the world's economies.
The protection and promotion of human rights is one of the basic priorities of Spanish foreign policy, as confirmed by the Foreign Action Strategy published in 2015. Human rights issues are on the agenda in all bilateral contacts with governments of all the regions of the world. The Human Rights Office (email@example.com) is the body of the Directorate-General of the United Nations and Directorate-General for Human Rights of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation that is responsible for coordinating Spanish foreign policy in the area of protecting and promoting human rights and the drafting, proposal and application of this policy in international bodies.
Marca España (Brand Spain) is a State policy—indeed, a countrywide policy—with the participation of all levels of public administration, public and private institutions, companies, the private sector, and civil society as a whole. The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, José Manuel García-Margallo, has made it one of his Ministry's priorities.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) is the largest regional security body, set up with the aim of preventing conflict in Europe and its surroundings. The OSCE has its origins in the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), held in Helsinki in 1975. The organisation currently groups together 57 States in Europe, North America and Central Asia.
The United States of America is a friendly State, an ally and a key partner for Spain. We are linked by excellent and historic bilateral relations, with signs of a great future in the 21st Century. The position of the United States as one of the main actors in the international arena makes the country an ally and key partner for Spain in foreign policy, defence, security and economic and technological development. It is an ally with which few countries in the world have such strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties, and with which we share democratic values and geostrategic interests.
On 16 October, Spain was elected to occupy a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council for the 2015-2016 term.
A new determining factor in international relations has appeared in recent years; its name is the internet. Nearly 2 billion people—almost a third of the world's population—are now connected to the internet. This is the context in which the new, 21st century diplomacy is taking place.
The Organization of the United Nations (UN) was founded on 26 June 1945, when representatives from 50 countries signed the UN Charter in San Francisco (USA), with the aim of preserving peace through international cooperation and collective security. These countries expressed their commitment to accepting the obligations laid down in the Charter, which establishes the basic principles of international relations.