Imagen de Meditarráneo
The Mediterranean continues to be one of the priorities of Spanish external policy and relations with Mediterranean countries and with the region as a whole are a major challenge. The stability and prosperity of the region affect both our own stability and prosperity and the stability and prosperity of the European Union as a whole. We not only have relations as neighbours but also a relationship of interdependence that is very clear in many respects

​The region has suffered profound changes and we can clearly see that, at present, the Mediterranean region is more complex and more fragmented, with new players emerging and in which the impact of such issues as immigration, which was already important, have become more acute. The challenges are clear – to tackle threats to security, the development of stable and inclusive democracies and to improve the economic situation.

Our Mediterranean policy is implemented at two levels: at a bilateral level by stepping up our bilateral relations, and through the EU, advocating that the Mediterranean dimension of the Neighbourhood Policy, despite the urgent need to tackle other situations, should not be put off and should continue to receive preferential treatment.

At the same time, Spain actively takes part in all cooperation initiatives at a regional level – Union for the Mediterranean – and a sub-regional level – 5+5 Dialogue – and through forums for dialogue and cooperation – NATO, OSCE, Council of Europe, OECD – whilst also promoting new initiatives on dialogue and cooperation.

  • Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: from the Barcelona Process to the Union for the Mediterranean

    Mediterranean cooperation and development are the goals of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), a regional integration alliance that fosters peace and prosperity for a region with 750 million inhabitants

  • Other processes: 5+5 Dialogue and the Mediterranean Forum
    Cooperation between countries in the western Mediterranean is the basis of the “5+5 Dialogue”, made up of Spain, Portugal, France, Italy and Malta on the European side, and by the five Maghreb countries - Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania and Tunisia.
  • Other Initiatives
    After the end of the Cold War, institutions and organisations in which European countries had integrated have tried to maintain good neighbourly and collaborative relations with their neighbours on the opposite shore of the Mediterranean, the Middle East and Central Asia, through different programmes, initiatives and work groups at the highest level.


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