Sustainable Development
There is currently scientific consensus that the production and consumption model is altering the planet's climate. And that—as experts warn—can lead to severe effects of many kinds.
Since the late 19th century, the average temperature of the Earth has increased by 0.74ºC, and an increase of 1.8ºC to 4ºC is expected in the coming hundred years, which could even reach 6.4ºC, according to the different scenarios designed by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Developing countries are more vulnerable to climate change, whereas Europe and North America are the regions that will be best prepared to bear the thrust of this phenomenon. In Europe, the adverse impact will be especially felt in the Iberian Peninsula, one of the most vulnerable and at-risk areas.
  • Sustainable development
    The UN Secretary-General's High-Level Panel on Global Sustainability published its latest report in 2012. The text highlights that for the Earth today, it is the best of times and it is the worst of times: the planet is experiencing unprecedented prosperity, and is also undergoing unprecedented stress. Inequality between the rich and the poor is steadily increasing, and more than a billion people are still living in poverty.
  • Climate change
    Climate change is the greatest environmental challenge facing society today. Over recent years, evidence has been accumulated of its impact on different socio-economic sectors and natural systems in all regions of the planet. For this reason, at the Rio Summit in 1992, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) sought to stabilise the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. This level must be achieved within sufficient time to allow ecosystems to naturally adapt to climate change, ensure that food production is not threatened and allow economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
  • Biodiversity
    Biodiversity means the Earth's variety of species, ecosystems and energy resources. Man-made biological degradation has always led the United Nations to seek to articulate effective international action. The Amazon rainforests have the greatest diversity on the planet, with areas inhabited by 400 species of trees per square kilometre.
  • Desertification
    Desertification is one of Earth's major environmental problems. The UN Convention to Combat Desertification, approved in 1994, and to which more than 180 of the world's countries are party, defines desertification as land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities.

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