Universal Periodic Review
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a mechanism of the Human Rights Council by virtue of which all Member States of the United Nations submit themselves, roughly every five years, to a review by the other States of their commitments, achievements and pending challenges on human rights matters. All Member States of the United Nations accept this procedure, which strengthens the universal nature of the exercise.

In accordance with Resolution 5/1 of the Human Rights Council (§15), three main documents are used to carry out the review of a State:

- A 20-page national report prepared by the State under review on the human rights situation in the country;

- A 10-page compilation prepared by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights which contains information from treaty bodies on special procedures, and from such United Nations agencies as UNDP and UNICEF;

- A 10-page summary prepared by the OHCHR which contains information from civil society.

For more information on the Universal Periodic Review, see https://www.ohchr.org/sp/hrbodies/upr/pages/uprmain.aspx


Spain considers that the UPR is a fundamental mechanism, which has the two main cornerstones of its universal nature and dialogue. As a member of the Human Rights Council for the period 2018-2020, Spain undertook to continue actively participating in the Council and to support initiatives geared towards its consolidation and efficacy in practice through the establishment of national mechanisms to monitor recommendations, among others.

After being reviewed in the First Cycle in 2010, Spain was subject to the Second Cycle of the UPR in 2015. The review took place during the 21st Session of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review. Of the 189 recommendations received, Spain accepted a total of 169 recommendations (5 of them partially) and took note of 25 (5 of them partially).

In December 2018, Spain presented the mid-term report for the Second Cycle of the UPR which sought to provide in-depth monitoring of the latest recommendations made to Spain, a presentation identified as a good practice under the UPR procedure. This report contained both the status of application of each recommendation from January 2015 to June 2018, and the measures planned to be taken in the near future. Not only the recommendations accepted were monitored, but also those taken note of. This report and its annex are published at https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/UPRImplementation.aspx

In accordance with Resolution 16/21 of the Human Rights Council, approved on 25 March 2011, together with Decisions 17/119, adopted on 17 June 2011, and 31/116, adopted on 23 March 2016, Spain’s third review under the UPR mechanism will take place in the 35th session of the Working Group of the UPR . This session will provisionally be held in January-February 2020. Accordingly, the next national report is currently at the drafting stage, , which Spain must present in October 2019.


Consultations with civil society stakeholders

Resolution 5/1 of the HRC urges governments of States under review to draw up national reports “through an extensive consultation process at a national level with all the relevant interested parties”. Accordingly, the Human Rights Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation wishes to open a consultation process with civil society stakeholders interested in the UPR.

Given that civil society stakeholders have the chance to prepare their own reports within the framework of this review, the current consultation process seeks to obtain specific contributions on the following questions:

  1. The development, since the previous review (2015), of the situation in Spain and, in particular, of the regulatory and institutional framework for the promotion and protection of human rights. (500 words)
  2. The application by Spain of the recommendations accepted in 2015 (reference document: mid-term report 2018). (500 words)
  3. Priority questions that have arisen since 2015. (500 words)


Contributions may not exceed 500 words per question and must be submitted in Word format before 2 pm on 12 July 2019 to epu2020@maec.es . The email must indicate the name, surnames and civil society stakeholder represented , and only one submission is allowed per stakeholder. Those contributions that do not meet these requirements will not be taken into account.

Thank you for your collaboration.


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