​Imagen de la sede del Consejo de Europa en Estrasburgo, Francia. FOTO COUNCIL OF EUROPE.
History and Activity of the Council of Europe
The Council of Europe was set up after the Second World War with the aim of becoming the custodian of democratic values on the continent. One of the main drivers behind the institution at the time was the then British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. Nowadays it carries on this work and has become the leading authority in Europe on this issue.

Its main priority is the defence of civil and political rights, although it also concerns itself with defending social and economic rights as contained in the European Social Charter.


The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949 following the signing of its founding charter – the Treaty of London – by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Shortly after, Ireland, Italy, Denmark, Norway and Sweden also signed up.


One of the first measures taken by the newly-created organisation was the drafting, in 1950, of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. This text enacted, in a binding legal instrument, the rights established two years earlier in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In 1953, the convention came into force and since then it has been a key element of the organisation’s action.


The polarisation suffered around the world in the mid-20th Century as a result of the Cold War limited, in practice, the actions of the Council of Europe to Western Europe, where citizens lived under democratic regimes.


The growing democratisation that Europe has undergone in recent decades has translated into almost all of the countries on the continent signing up to the highest institution in terms of human and political rights. These new members joined up in two waves: the countries of Southern Europe (Spain, Greece and Portugal) in the 70s and, as from 1989, those in the east, behind the former Iron Curtain. The last State to join was Montenegro in 2007. Belarus, the only country that is not a member, has presented its candidature for membership, which has not been accepted to date.

 

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  • 26 Sep @SpainMFA * RT @eu_eeas: On 29 Sept, join our #EUWBMediaLiteracy Conference on #disinformation in times of #COVID19! Speakers: HRVP @JosepBorrellF, 🇲🇰…
  • 26 Sep @SpainMFA * La Ministre @AranchaGlezLaya a été interviewée par @FRANCE24 @CarodeCamaret: 🎥 https://t.co/1j3TDBBx26 ▶️… https://t.co/E8U4KkVebV
  • 26 Sep @SpainMFA * Today is International Day for the Total Elimination of #NuclearWeapons. In 2020 we also celebrate the 50th annive… https://t.co/VJta4G6Nbv
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * RT @AranchaGlezLaya: Solidarité avec la 🇫🇷 face à l’attentat aux alentours de #CharlieHebdo 🇪🇸 est aux côtés de ceux qui combattent la viol…
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * PM @sanchezcastejon: “75 years after the signing of the @UN Charter, world leaders have more reasons than ever to a… https://t.co/0sO0haVbML
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * 📸 Minister @AranchaGlezLaya, during her participation in the Ministerial Meeting of the Alliance for… https://t.co/W8CclwTexo
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * 🎯 Our goal: to address the reforms needed to reduce and redistribute unpaid care and domestic work as well as to en… https://t.co/NPSOmWQXyz
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * On September 28, #Spain will host a High-Level side event at #UNGA on "Economic Justice and Rights: 25 years after… https://t.co/HvZ1JRjF5z
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * The President of the 🇪🇸 Government, @sanchezcastejon, will adress the General Debate of the 75th session of the… https://t.co/LM5BmgX7um
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * 🌐 Be part of the global response to the pandemic 🤝 Promote inclusive #multilateralism and @UN system reform ⚖️ Prot… https://t.co/NTIhKOGGcF
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * The President of the 🇪🇸 Government, @sanchezcastejon, will adress today the General Debate of the 75th session of t… https://t.co/NgNEqQue88
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * State Secretary @cristinagallach takes part today in an #UNGA side event to discuss how combined conflict, climate… https://t.co/zR7Ty3mz4D
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * Minister @AranchaGlezLaya will present concrete initiatives led by #Spain in promoting #GenderEquality and combatin… https://t.co/sZfmYS175N
  • 25 Sep @SpainMFA * #Spain participates today in the Ministerial Meeting of the Alliance for #Multilateralism on the margins of the… https://t.co/rCKzojjb3P
  • 24 Sep @SpainMFA * 📽️ @AranchaGlezLaya with @BeckyCNN for @CNNConnect, regarding #UNGA75: "Our vision for the world is: 1️⃣ more… https://t.co/v702k2OtSH
 

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