​Imagen de la sede del Consejo de Europa en Estrasburgo, Francia. FOTO COUNCIL OF EUROPE.
History and Activity of the Council of Europe
The Council of Europe was set up after the Second World War with the aim of becoming the custodian of democratic values on the continent. One of the main drivers behind the institution at the time was the then British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. Nowadays it carries on this work and has become the leading authority in Europe on this issue.

Its main priority is the defence of civil and political rights, although it also concerns itself with defending social and economic rights as contained in the European Social Charter.


The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949 following the signing of its founding charter – the Treaty of London – by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Shortly after, Ireland, Italy, Denmark, Norway and Sweden also signed up.


One of the first measures taken by the newly-created organisation was the drafting, in 1950, of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. This text enacted, in a binding legal instrument, the rights established two years earlier in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In 1953, the convention came into force and since then it has been a key element of the organisation’s action.


The polarisation suffered around the world in the mid-20th Century as a result of the Cold War limited, in practice, the actions of the Council of Europe to Western Europe, where citizens lived under democratic regimes.


The growing democratisation that Europe has undergone in recent decades has translated into almost all of the countries on the continent signing up to the highest institution in terms of human and political rights. These new members joined up in two waves: the countries of Southern Europe (Spain, Greece and Portugal) in the 70s and, as from 1989, those in the east, behind the former Iron Curtain. The last State to join was Montenegro in 2007. Belarus, the only country that is not a member, has presented its candidature for membership, which has not been accepted to date.

 

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  • 24 Jan @SpainMFA * #Spain follows the situation in #Russia with concern and deeply regrets the excessive use of force and the arrests… https://t.co/i6yewrTyFE
  • 24 Jan @SpainMFA * Today is #EducationDay! 🏫🎓 Maite Sanz, a French teacher, reflects as part of our #ParaMíEspañaEs campaign on the p… https://t.co/zrMs1VQmuB
  • 23 Jan @SpainMFA * RT @manuelmunizv: #TechDiolomacy Congratulations to @HochschildF and to the @UN for this very important step 👇👇👇 @SpainMFA @GlobalSpain
  • 22 Jan @SpainMFA * The State Secretary for the #EU, Juan González-Barba, made a working visit to the #CanaryIslands to address current… https://t.co/CT0fRZEwZa
  • 22 Jan @SpainMFA * RT @AranchaGlezLaya: Great talking to @ClimateEnvoy @JohnKerry on strengthening transatlantic cooperation on #ClimateAction #ClimateDiploma…
  • 22 Jan @SpainMFA * The State Secretary for International Cooperation is organising the 1st Round Table on #Business and #Cooperation f… https://t.co/xHP3tO0zfK
  • 22 Jan @SpainMFA * 📣 @ACEcultura opens a new call for #mobility grants within the framework of the Programme for the Internationalizat… https://t.co/6iszOB3YI1
  • 22 Jan @SpainMFA * RT @ExpoSpain2020: During the last 6 months the construction of the Spanish Pavilion for @expo2020dubai has advanced immensely🏗 The 14 larg…
  • 22 Jan @SpainMFA * Spain strongly condemns yesterday’s terrorist attack in a market in the city of #Baghdad. The Spanish Government s… https://t.co/RFhpyCSsXx
  • 21 Jan @SpainMFA * 🌐 @ICEX_ has relaunched the portal @InvestInSpain, a platform that will allow foreign #investors to easily access a… https://t.co/plUVY2ld0T
  • 21 Jan @SpainMFA * #Spain shares the target set by @WHO for the #vaccination to reach all the most vulnerable people in the world, thr… https://t.co/uxFU97HxeT
  • 21 Jan @SpainMFA * The Plan details the: 🔹 Principles 🔹 Priorities 🔹 Modalities 🔹 And channels to share the contingent of #vaccines ag… https://t.co/62rGmbTmnN
  • 21 Jan @SpainMFA * The Spanish Government has approved the "Universal Access Plan: Sharing COVID-19 #Vaccines", jointly drafted by… https://t.co/FXNsPnRzdx
  • 21 Jan @SpainMFA * The Government of Spain welcomes the appointment by the @UN Secretary-General of the new Special Envoy and Head of… https://t.co/wPoYnhiV2e
  • 21 Jan @SpainMFA * RT @AranchaGlezLaya: Congratulations to @POTUS Biden and @VP Harris. Today is a day for hope. A day when another glass ceiling has been bro…
 

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