​Imagen de la sede del Consejo de Europa en Estrasburgo, Francia. FOTO COUNCIL OF EUROPE.
History and Activity of the Council of Europe
The Council of Europe was set up after the Second World War with the aim of becoming the custodian of democratic values on the continent. One of the main drivers behind the institution at the time was the then British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. Nowadays it carries on this work and has become the leading authority in Europe on this issue.

Its main priority is the defence of civil and political rights, although it also concerns itself with defending social and economic rights as contained in the European Social Charter.


The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949 following the signing of its founding charter – the Treaty of London – by Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Shortly after, Ireland, Italy, Denmark, Norway and Sweden also signed up.


One of the first measures taken by the newly-created organisation was the drafting, in 1950, of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. This text enacted, in a binding legal instrument, the rights established two years earlier in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In 1953, the convention came into force and since then it has been a key element of the organisation’s action.


The polarisation suffered around the world in the mid-20th Century as a result of the Cold War limited, in practice, the actions of the Council of Europe to Western Europe, where citizens lived under democratic regimes.


The growing democratisation that Europe has undergone in recent decades has translated into almost all of the countries on the continent signing up to the highest institution in terms of human and political rights. These new members joined up in two waves: the countries of Southern Europe (Spain, Greece and Portugal) in the 70s and, as from 1989, those in the east, behind the former Iron Curtain. The last State to join was Montenegro in 2007. Belarus, the only country that is not a member, has presented its candidature for membership, which has not been accepted to date.

Twitter@SpainMFA

  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * At midnight on Saturday, July 4, #Spain will begin the gradual reopening of the external borders to the 15 non-EU c… https://t.co/yYGXXoSDi4
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * RT @AranchaGlezLaya: 🇪🇸 the post #covid19 recovery is the result of a dialogue between the government, business & trade unions ➡️ consensus…
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * If you are travelling to #Spain by plane ✈️ or ship 🚢, you will have to: 📝 Fill out and sign the FCS form before yo… https://t.co/D795phvrK5
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * Don't miss today at 1:00 PM CET 🕐 the panel "Approaching the #2030Agenda" at the #LGBTQIA+ 🏳️‍🌈 #HumanRights Confer… https://t.co/UyPffqSwOz
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * RT @manuelmunizv: After enormous sacrifices and efforts on the part of Spaniards and our healthcare system we have managed to bring the epi…
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * FM @AranchaGlezLaya and her counterpart from 🇹🇳 has had a conversation about the post- #COVID19 situation, reopenin… https://t.co/oexPeD8Z3r
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * 🇪🇸🇲🇽🇸🇪🇩🇪🇿🇦 have reaffirmed their commitment to achieving #GenderEquality and the protection of the rights of #women… https://t.co/egujaWs8mS
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * FM @AranchaGlezLaya has had a conversation with the @UN Secretary-General, @antonioguterres, about the situation ca… https://t.co/4ZREQXBsB0
  • 03 Jul @SpainMFA * ▶️ Communiqué de presse: https://t.co/omwVBNiWKh 🇪🇸🇹🇳 @MfaTunisia @TunisieDiplo @EmbEspTunez
  • 02 Jul @SpainMFA * .@AranchaGlezLaya et son homologue de la #Tunisie ont eu une conversation sur la situation post-#COVID19, la réouve… https://t.co/bOmFNsNMy6
  • 02 Jul @SpainMFA * Minister @AranchaGlezLaya talks about inclusive transatlantic security in the era of #COVID19 along with… https://t.co/GxyEvq3WkM
  • 02 Jul @SpainMFA * Economic rights are fundamental #HumanRights. Promoting economic #GenderEquality will stimulate the economy after… https://t.co/9ru4egl3Eu
  • 02 Jul @SpainMFA * Minister @AranchaGlezLaya has met by video conference with counterparts and representatives of the countries that c… https://t.co/INwEKH9BVt
  • 02 Jul @SpainMFA * The promotion of #GenderEquality is a hallmark in our foreign policy and development cooperation. 👩‍💻 Discover the… https://t.co/GQKZjAmPdH
  • 02 Jul @SpainMFA * Happy 10th anniversary to @UN_Women! 🎂 ♀️ @SpainMFA reaffirms its commitment to promoting and protecting the right… https://t.co/2dJm66scAw

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