Africa

Africa is a strategic and political priority for Spain. In order to manage and plan the growth of our presence in the region, Africa Plans were approved and in 2018 it is expected that a 3rd Plan will be approved which will incorporate Spain's 2014 External Action Strategy, as well as the 2017 National Security Strategy. These days, the situation in Africa brings with it new challenges. Together with the persistence of problems such as poverty, AIDS and threats against peace and security, the advance of democracy, economic growth and the dynamics of regional integration give way to new scenarios.

As such, the democratic and economic forces are going to transform the continent in the decades to come. In this context, the Spanish government wants to contribute to encourage a vision of Africa as an area of inclusive and sustainable growth, of peace, security and political security and where human rights are respected. Spain's national interests largely coincide with the objectives of the African countries themselves, as expressed in the African Union's Agenda 2063.

At a sub-regional level, our efforts are concentrated in the Sahel, West Africa and the Horn of Africa, without forgetting the SADC countries and Equatorial Guinea.

01/01/2013
  • 3rd Africa Plan
    The 3rd Africa Plan, approved in March 2019, is the strategic framework that guides Spain’s relations with the continent of Africa. Under the premise of “Spain and Africa: challenge and opportunity”, it advocates a new rapprochement with Africa based on shared interests and a broad consensus among the main Spanish parties operating on the continent. The 3rd Africa Plan defines four strategic goals: 1. Peace and security, 2. Inclusive and resilient economic growth, 3. Institutional strength, 4. Orderly, regular and safe mobility. In addition, it identifies five cross-cutting principles that will be adhered to in all actions: differentiation, association, multilateralism, human rights, and gender equality and unity of action.
  • Sahel and Mali
    Mali's "multidimensional crisis" in 2012, alongside the general situation in the Sahel, has brought to light the existence of several, and serious challenges for Spain and the European Union. Among the threats, the expansion of radical jihadi terrorist groups, as well as criminal networks dedicated to all types of illegal trafficking, including people trafficking are those that stand out. The challenges include a raised demographic growth, particularly adverse weather conditions and a very serious humanitarian situation in some areas
  • West Africa
    West Africa is one of the priority areas for Spanish foreign policy. The region includes Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo. With the exception of Mauritania, all these countries make up the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the region's main integration organization
  • Horn of Africa
    This area encompasses Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. In its widest sense it could also include Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan and Uganda. It is a particularly interesting geopolitical and geo-strategic region for the international community. A significant amount of international trade passes through its waters. Various countries in the Horn of Africa suffer from a marked political, social and economic instability that has caused conflicts that are still under way in countries such as South Sudan, Somalia and Sudan. In addition to the violence, under-development and drought continue to plague the region
  • Regional Integration
    Ever since its independence, Africa has aspired to have regional integration. These integration processes have multiplied with the continent's attempt to overcome common problems and to economically progress together. Spain has a particularly close relationship with the African Union and with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

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