Africa is both a strategic and a political priority for Spain. In order to manage and plan the growth of our presence in the region, two Africa Plans were approved. At present, the current situation in Africa raises new challenges. Together with the persistence of such problems as poverty, AIDS and threats to peace and security, democratic progress and the dynamics of regional integration open up new scenarios. Against this backdrop, the Government of Spain is focusing its efforts on the Sahel, West Africa and the Horn of Africa, without forgetting the SADC countries and, of course, Equatorial Guinea.
  • Sahel and Mali
    The crisis in Mali clearly shows the numerous, serious challenges in the Sahel. The current situation represents a threat to Spain and to the European Union. Jihadi terrorism and the attacks by terrorist groups in northern Mali are endangering the sovereignty of the country. The international community must back Mali in its legitimate claims to eradicate Jihadism and thus re-establish constitutional order and democracy throughout the country.
  • West Africa
    Political instability is common in most of West Africa – a region that also suffers from the blights of terrorism, piracy and drug trafficking. This is one of the priority regions for Spain’s foreign policy. West Africa covers Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, the Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo. With the exception of Mauritania, they are all members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the main integration organisation in the region.
  • Horn of Africa
    This region covers Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Djibouti. The broader region also includes Kenya, Sudan, South Sudan and Uganda. This is a region of great geopolitical and geostrategic interest to the international community. A major share of international trade passes through its waters. Several countries in the Horn of Africa suffer from significant political, social and economic instability, which has caused conflicts that remain ongoing in such countries as South Sudan, Somalia and Sudan. In addition to violence, under-development and drought continue to ravage the region.
  • Equatorial Guinea

    Spain maintains special relations with Equatorial Guinea due to both its entrenched historical ties and its shared language.


  • Regional Integration
    Africa has aspired to regional integration since independence. These integration processes have multiplied in number in an attempt by the continent as a whole to overcome common problems and make economic progress. Spain maintains particularly close relations with the African Union and with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).


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