Africa is both a strategic and a political priority for Spain. In order to manage and plan the growth of our presence in the region, two Africa Plans were approved. At present, the current situation in Africa raises new challenges. Together with the persistence of such problems as poverty, AIDS and threats to peace and security, democratic progress and the dynamics of regional integration open up new scenarios. Against this backdrop, the Government of Spain is focusing its efforts on the Sahel, West Africa and the Horn of Africa, without forgetting the SADC countries and, of course, Equatorial Guinea.