International travelling of unaccompanied minors
6/28/2021
European Union
By carefully checking travel and supporting documents, border officials must ensure that unaccompanied minors do not leave the territory where they reside against the will of their parents or guardians.
In addition to their own valid passport or identity card, minors travelling alone or with adults other than their legal guardians, or with only one parent, must present at the border of some EU countries an additional document, private or official depending on the country, signed by their parent(s), second parent or legal guardian(s) authorising them to travel.
There are no EU rules on this matter. Each EU country decides whether it requires the child to have an authorisation, official or private, from their parent(s) or guardian(s). Check the exact rules of the countries you are travelling to and from.
 
Ireland
No particular official authorisation is required for minors from any EU country to enter or leave Ireland.
However, on departure or arrival in Ireland it is advisable for anyone under the age of 18 who is not in the care or company of an adult to present, alongside their own valid travel document (passport or identity card), the following documentation:
-a letter signed by the child's parents/guardians, with their contact details, giving their consent for the child to travel.
-A copy of a document identifying the parent/guardian, e.g. a copy of the photo page of a passport, ID card or driving licence.
-proof of the parent/guardian's relationship to the child, e.g. a copy of the birth or adoption certificate, family record book or document establishing guardianship.
-a death certificate in the case of a deceased parent.
If the minor is not a resident in the country and entering into Ireland, in addition:
-the full address of the place where he/she will be staying.
-full contact details of the person with whom he/she will be staying.
Spain
Minors resident in Spain must have the authorisation of their parents or guardians to travel outside Spain, unless travelling accompanied by one of them.
However, Spanish minors resident in Ireland who travel to Spain unaccompanied by a parent or legal guardian do not need such authorisation when travelling back to Ireland. Border control authorities will consider proof of address in Ireland any of the following
-Reference to his/her domicile in Ireland on DNI, passport the documentation attesting to his or her identity and nationality provides adequate proof of his or her domicile in Ireland
-Reference to his/her domicile in Ireland on an Irish residence card.
-residence certificate issued by the Embassy of Spain in Ireland.
 

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