The Spanish authorities have taken measures to deal with the Covid-19 pandemic. These measures include health checks and, in the case of some non-EU countries, temporary travel restrictions. They vary over time and depend on the health risk posed by the traveller's country of origin. Ireland is now a country at risk.

The Ministry of Health publishes information on the specific checks and restrictions that Spain applies to each country at any given time.

Spain applies the following three health checks to travellers from an EU or associated country (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican City).

If you are travelling to Spain from another country, consult the Ministry of Health website.

These health checks apply to all travellers arriving in Spain by air or by ship, not by road.

Some categories of travell are exempt from some or all of those health checks:

-children under 12 years of age are exempt from the medical certificate (point 1).

-crew members of aircraft or ships involved in international transport are exempted from all health checks.

-passengers in transit at airports are exempted from the medical check (point 3).


All travellers arriving by air or sea, even if their final destination is not Spain, must complete before departure a health control form either online ( or via the Spain Travel Health App (SpTH), available on Android and iOS. If coming from an at-risk country, the traveller must enter in the form information on their EU Covid Digital Certificate or medical certificate (see point 2). If you encounter difficulties in uploading your certificate data in the Health Control Form, please consult the Spanish health authorities by e-mail ( or telephone (+34 910 50 3050). Once the form is completed, the traveller will receive a QR code. The QR code will bear a designation: -“Fast control”, if the traveller has an EU Covid Digital Certificate or comes from a safe country / area. These travellers will not be required to show their certificate when boarding or at the health check on arrival in Spain. -“Documentary control”, if coming from a country or area at risk. Such travellers may be required to show their medical certificate when boarding or on arrival in Spain. -“Transit”, if you are going to transit through an airport. The QR code will be required of all travellers both on boarding and on arrival in Spain.


Travellers coming from a country at risk (Ireland is now one of them) must be in possession of either an EU Covid Digital certificate or a medical certificate. If coming from a safe country, the traveller does not need any certificate. EU Covid digital certificates are issued by the health authorities of EU countries in accordance with the European Regulation 2021/953 of 14 June 2021.

The medical certificate can be of three types: full vaccination, negative Covid test, or recovery from the disease. The general and specific characteristics of these medical certificates are explained here below.

The certificate must be written in Spanish, English, French or German.

a) Vaccination certificate

The vaccines accepted are those authorised by the European Medicines Agency (Oxford/AstraZeneca, BioNTech/Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson or Janssen) or those authorised by the World Health Organisation for emergency use.

The certificate must have been issued at least 14 days after full vaccination.

The certificate must contain the following information: country, organization that issued the certificate, name and surname of the traveller, date of vaccination (with indication of the date of administration of the last dose), type of vaccine and number of doses administered.

b) Certificate of diagnostic test with negative result

Diagnostic tests accepted for the detection of infection are:

-Molecular nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT), used to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 ribonucleic acid (RNA), including RT-PCR. The sample must have been obtained within 72 hours prior to arrival in Spain.

-Antigen detection tests included in the common list of rapid antigen detection tests for Covid-19 of the European Commission. The sample must have been obtained within 48 hours prior to arrival in Spain.

The certificate must include at least the following information: name and surname of the traveller, type of test, date of sampling, country where the test was performed.

This is a non-exhaustive list of Irish laboratories that perform PCR and antigen testing according to the above specifications.

c) Certificate of infection and recovery

The certificate must be issued by a medical authority or service, at least 11 days after the first positive NAAT diagnostic test.

The certificate is valid for 180 days from the date of that test.

It must include at least the following information: issuing country, name and surname of the traveller, date of sampling of the first positive diagnostic test, type of NAAT test performed.


On arrival in Spain, all travellers may be subject to a check to ensure that their temperature is below 37.5°C. Passengers suspected of having Covid-19 may be required to undergo a diagnostic test within 48 hours of arrival.



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