Birth, Marriages and Deaths
4/23/2013
Births
When a Spanish national has a child abroad, he should first register the birth with the local registry office in the place the child was born, but should subsequently go to the consular office nearest the place the child was born in order to register the birth.
The Spanish national must fill in a "data declaration form" requesting registration of the birth, and present it at the consular registry office. Download form (PDF, 20 Kb)
Marriages
When Spanish nationals marry abroad, either another Spanish national or a foreign citizen, they must subsequently register the marriage in the consular registry office nearest the place where the marriage took place. There is no time limit for registering a marriage with the consular registry office.
Spanish nationals may also be married by the Spanish consul abroad, provided that both parties are Spanish, or in the case of marriage between a Spanish national and a foreign citizen, provided that the latter is not a national of the country where the consul is accredited. If the Spanish national lives in Spain and wishes to celebrate his or her marriage before a Spanish consul abroad, he or she must go to the local registry office in Spain to institute civil marriage proceedings and to declare that he  or she wishes to take his or her marriage vows before the Spanish consul of his or her choice. In these cases it is advisable to set a date and time for the marriage ceremony with the consulate.
It is not possible to perform a consular marriage in the Spanish diplomatic and consular representations in Austria, Denmark, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Uruguay, Venezuela and Guatemala.
The Spanish national must fill in a "data declaration form" requesting registration of the marriage, and present it at the consular registry office.  Download form (PDF, 20 Kb)
Deaths
The deaths of Spanish nationals abroad must also be registered with the consular registry office. The death must first be registered at the local registry office of the country, and subsequently, but with no time limit, the death must be registered in the Spanish consulate nearest to where the death of the Spanish national occurred.
The Spanish national must fill in a "data declaration form" requesting registration of the death, and present it at the consular registry office. Download form (PDF, 390 Kb)
Nationality
Spanish nationals may apply for any procedure relating to Spanish nationality at the Spanish consulate nearest their home. The following are the most common procedures:
Recovery
Spanish emigrants and their children may recover their nationality while abroad before the Spanish consul by means of a simple certificate which will be forwarded to the registry office of their birth in Spain. As soon as this registry office sends a literal birth certificate with an annotation registering the recovery of Spanish nationality, the consul may issue the corresponding Spanish passport to the applicant.
Option
When emigrants of Spanish origin recover their nationality abroad, their under age children may also opt for Spanish nationality before the same consul. This option is open up to the age of 20.
Persons whose father or mother were originally Spanish and born in Spain may also apply to the Spanish consul abroad. There is no time limit for this type of option and they may therefore apply at any age.
Conservation
When a Spanish national acquires foreign nationality while living abroad, he or she must appear before the consul nearest his or her place of residence within three years to declare that he or she wishes to conserve Spanish nationality.
Those persons who were born and live abroad and who hold Spanish nationality because they are children of a Spanish father or mother also born abroad must declare before the Spanish consul within three years of reaching the legal age that they wish to conserve their Spanish nationality. Even where legal age is reached at 21, the wish to conserve Spanish nationality must be validated between the ages of 18 and 21. If they do not declare that they wish to conserve their Spanish nationality, they will lose it.
Acquisition
The grandchildren of Spanish nationals who have not declared their wish to conserve their nationality as mentioned in the paragraph above can only acquire Spanish nationality after one year’s legal residence in Spain. Therefore these grandchildren may in no case apply for Spanish nationality before the Spanish consulates.
Registry office documents
The main documents issued by the consular registry office to Spanish nationals living abroad are the following:
Certificates of existence.
Extracts and literal birth, marriage and death certificates.
Extracts of certificates for identity documents.
Others.

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